A Congolese government soldier wearing a wig smokes on the front line after an overnight battle just outside the eastern city of Goma, October 2008.
Tailor Boniface Buhoro embraces his son Sidiki as a gun battle rages outside his tent at a camp for civilians discplaced by weeks of fighting in eastern Congo, October 2008. Weeks of violence forced more than 250,000 people from homes or ramshackle camps where they had taken shelter, bringing to over 1 million the number of internal refugees from years of fighting in Democratic Republic of Congo's North Kivu province.
Congolese displaced by fighting stand by the roadside north of Goma in eastern Congo, November 11 2008.
A woman displaced by war prays during a Sunday service in an outdoor church at the Don Bosco center in Goma in eastern Congo, November 23, 2008. Fighting in eastern Congo has displaced hundreds of thousands of civilians in late 2008 s, with 1,519 people sheltering in the Don Bosco school compound.
Congolese government troops detain a suspected rebel after beating him and others pulled off a UN convoy near the eastern city of Goma, November, 2008.
A Congolese government soldier lies with his weapon at the frontline near Kibati, north of Goma in eastern Congo, November 12, 2008. Two government soldiers, both shot through the head, were killed in a sharp exchange of artillery, mortar, rocket and machine gun fire late on Tuesday a few kilometres from a refugee camp at Kibati sheltering 80,000 civilians displaced by violence. This is the tense frontline in the simmering war in Democratic Republic of Congo's North Kivu province, where Tutsi rebels and government troops face each other just 200 metres apart from positions in the verdant bush and fields.
Serafin Nyanzaba, 17, who has been displaced by war, wears a newly done traditional Congolese hair style at the Don Bosco center in Goma, November 20, 2008. Fighting in eastern Congo has displaced hundreds of thousands of civilians in recent weeks, with 1,519 people taking shelter in the Don Bosco school compound.
Domitra Mbonigaba N'Bahunde, 53, who fears her sons are dead, stands in a refugee camp in Kiwanja, 70km (50 miles) north of Goma in eastern Congo, November 11 2008. N'Bahunde believes her sons, aged 20 and 23, may have been killed last week when rebels captured Kiwanja and dozens of young males of fighting age were found shot dead in their homes.
Money changer Kwami Longange poses for a portrait on a streetcorner in Goma in eastern Congo, February 9 2009. Longange, nicknamed "le Bon" - the Good - is a Sappeur, the local name for a dandy dresser. He has some 200 different matching outfits that he wears to work as a money changer and musician.
Sisters displaced by war hold hands in front of a makeshift hut at Bulengo camp just outside Goma in eastern Congo, February 26 2009.
A woman leans on a family member in a crowd gathered to receive food aid in Rutshuru, 70 km (50 miles) north of Goma in eastern Congo, November 14 2008. Aid workers began feeding tens of thousands of civilians in rebel-held areas of eastern Congo on Friday for the first time in weeks after a U.N. food convoy crossed the front lines. Fighting between the army and Tutsi rebels led by General Laurent Nkunda has forced some 250,000 people from their homes in Democratic Republic of Congo's North Kivu province since late August, resulting in what the U.N. has called a humanitarian catastrophe and fears of a broader war.
severely malnourished infant hangs limp from her mother's back at a catholic mission feeding center in rebel-held Rutshuru, 70kms (50 miles) north of Goma in eastern Congo, November 13 2008. Malnutrition rates in Rutshuru, which has seen weeks of fighting between government soldiers and dissident Tutsi general Laurent Nkunda's rebels, are almost double emergency thresholds and aid workers are battling insecurity to deliver rations. The latest wave of fighting has worsened a humanitarian disaster that began in the 1990s.
Severely malnourished Sadiki Basilaki, 9, receives a mug of milk at a catholic mission feeding center in Rutshuru, 70kms (50 miles) north of Goma in eastern Congo, November 2008
Girls stand at a camp for people displaced by fighting near Goma in eastern Congo, February 2009.
Women from a church choir sit on benches upon the lava floe from a 2002 eruption in the eastern Congolese city of Goma, August 2010.
Ano Mboligikpelani, 12, holds her sister, Honrine Ngbadulezele, 2, in the village of Bangadi in northeastern Congo, February 19 2009. Thousands of Congolese have fled their villages since December as Ugandan Lord's Resistance Army rebels roaming the bush carry out massacres that have killed some 900 civilians in northeastern Congo during the past two months.
A member of a local self defense force walks in the village of Bangadi in northeastern Congo, February 2009. In the face of attacks and massacres by Ugandan Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) rebels, who have slaughtered some 900 Congolese civilians since December, villagers in Bangadi have formed a self-defense force with locally made weapons and have twice repelled LRA attacks in recent months.
Displaced camp, Kiwanja, eastern Congo, November 2008.
War-displaced Helene Namikano, 71, (L) Rebecca Martha Kanigi, 75, (2nd L), Venancia Ndamkunzi, 65, and Atia Egenia Mobato, 74, (R) sit together on the steps of a building in the village of Mugunga, just west of the eastern Congolese city of Goma, August 24 2010. All four women have repeatedly fled fighting in North Kivu province over the past four years despite efforts to bring peace to Congo.
A fighter from the FDLR rebel group, which is being hunted by the Rwandan and Congolese army, stands lookout deep in the bush of eastern Congo, February 6 2009. Rwanda and Congo undertook a joint operation to flush out the FDLR, a Hutu extremist group that includes former Interahamwe killers who committed the 1994 Rwandan genocide before fleeing into the lawless wilds of eastern Congo, where they have been at the root of 15 years of unrest that has killed some five millions people, most from hunger and disease. This is a rare image of the brutal and elusive FDLR at home in bush.
The coffin of eight-month old Alexandrine Kabitsebangumi, who died from cholera, is lowered into a grave in a banana grove at Kibati, north of Goma in eastern Congo, November 12 2008.
Government soldiers with bullet wounds sit in the hospital a day after clashes in the village of Kayna in eastern Congo, November 2008.
A woman flees into the bush with her possessions during fighting in eastern Congo, February 2009.
Jean-Claude Benda, 29, winces in pain while clutching the stump of his leg, amputated after he was shot in his home during recent fighting in Rutshuru, 70kms (50 miles) north of Goma in eastern Congo, November 13 2008.
War amputee Jean Claude Benda, 31, stands outside his home with a prosthetic leg at Kiwanja in eastern Congo, August 25 2010. Benda was shot in the leg on November 4, 2008 during a massacre by rebels that killed some 150 fighting-age males near a United Nations base in Kiwanja. No longer able to work as a farmer, Benda now relies on his pregnant wife to provide for him and his five children.
A woman stands outside her tent at a camp for civilians discplaced by weeks of fighting in eastern Congo, October 2008.